Senin, 07 Agustus 2017

How to Take Good Care of Your Laptop Computer

It is important that you take good care of your laptop to keep it working well. Following these easy steps will ensure that your laptop lasts longer and requires less maintenance. As an added bonus, many of the steps will also maintain your laptop's speed. It is also useful to do a check of the laptop once in a while to remove any errors or problems which might have crept in during the routine usage.

Steps

Image titled Take Good Care of Your Laptop Computer Step 1

  1. 1
    Keep liquids away from your laptop. As tempting as it might be to drink coffee, soda, water or any other liquid near your laptop, accidents can happen all too easily. Alternatively, use a cup with a cover on it, so even if it does spill, the liquid doesn't go anywhere. Spilled liquids may damage the internal microelectronic components or cause electrical damage. Short circuits can corrupt data or even permanently destroy some parts of the laptop. The solution is very simple: Keep your drinks away from your computer. Even if you are careful, someone else might spill your drink.
  2. 2
    Having antivirus software available is the best defence against a virus. Even if you know what you download, it could still contain a virus. If you choose not to have antivirus software you run the risk of a circuit error or software problem in your system. The virus may also slow down the system operations and performance.
  3. 3
    Keep food away from your laptop. Don't eat over your laptop, the crumbs can fall between the keys and provide an invitation to small bugs or damage the circuitry. Worse yet, the laptop will look dirty if there are crumbs on it.
  4. 4
    Do not use your computer in a room where animals are. Their fur and hair can get into the internal workings and damage them. Also larger animals (e.g dogs) can accidentally damage them by knocking them off their support by brushing past, wagging tail, tripping over leads etc.
  5. 5
    Ideally keep the computer in a clean and dust free room.
  6. 6
    Always have clean hands when using your laptop. Clean hands make it easier to use your laptop touchpad and there will be less risk of leaving dirt and other stains on the computer. In addition, if you clean your hands before you use the laptop, you will reduce wear and tear on the coating caused by contact with sweat and small particles that can act upon the laptop's exterior.
  7. 7
    Protect the LCD display monitor. When you shut your laptop, make sure there are no small items, such as a pencil or small ear-phones, on the keyboard. These can damage the display screen if the laptop is shut on them; the screen will scratch if the item is rough. Close the lid gently and holding it in the middle. Closing the lid using only one side causes pressure on that hinge, and over time can cause it to bend and snap.
  8. 8
    Hold and lift the computer by its base, not by its LCD display (the screen). If you lift it by the screen alone, you could damage the display or the hinges attaching the display to the base. The display is also easily scratched or damaged by direct pressure – take care not to place pressure on it.
  9. 9
    Don't pull on the power cord. Tugging your power cord out from the power socket rather than pulling directly on the plug can cause the cord to break off from the plug or damage the power socket. Also, if the power cord is near your feet, avoid kicking it accidentally; in fact, it is best to refrain from bumping into the plug at all because you could loosen it and eventually break it.
  10. 10
    Be careful not to roll your chair over the computer cord. Stick the cord onto your desk with tape.
  11. 11
    Be sure to plug accessory devices into their proper slots. Always look at the symbols on the laptop carefully before inserting devices. Jamming a phone line into an Ethernet port or vice versa could damage the sockets, making it impossible to use them again. It is very important to observe this step.
  12. 12
    Handle any removable drives with care. CD drives that have been removed from your laptop could easily be crushed or dropped; do not be careless. If you are not putting them back into the laptop, put them straight into a storage box or case for safekeeping.
  13. 13
    Insert drives into their slots carefully and at the correct angle. Pushing the drive too forcefully into its slot could jam it.
  14. 14
    Check to see if labels are affixed securely before inserting media into your laptop. CDs, DVDs, or floppy disks should not have any loose labels that may jam inside the laptop. Don't attempt to use undersized CDs, as these can damage the disk player permanently.
  15. 15
    Don't expose your laptop to rapid temperature changes. When bringing your laptop indoors during winter, don't turn it on immediately. Instead, let it warm to room temperature first. This will avoid any potential for damage to the disk drive from condensation forming inside the machine. Avoid heat from sunlight as well.
  16. 16
    Don't leave your laptop in a car. Not only do the insides of cars experience large temperature swings that could damage a laptop, but a laptop (or laptop bag) is an inviting target for a smash and grab thief.
  17. 17
    Have the unit cleaned annually to remove internal dust. Get this done by a computer professional, or do it yourself if you can. If dust accumulates, the system will not be able to cool itself correctly. Heat can destroy the motherboard.
  18. 18
    Avoid placing heavy materials, such as books, on top of your laptop. This can push the LCD screen into the keyboard, and will eventually damage it. Also, the CD-ROM insert will be squished and, eventually, will break.
  19. 19
    Use a properly-sized laptop case. Whatever you use to carry your laptop around, be it a case, a bag, or something you made yourself, make sure that it is large enough to hold the laptop. This will help avoid scratching, squeezing or potentially dropping it.
  20. 20
    Look into getting a laptop bag. Many breaks happen because laptops are dropped or bumped. A bag greatly reduces the risk of damage.
  21. 21
    Only use and store your laptop in a well-ventilated area. When you are using your laptop, do so in a place that has a constant air-circulation. Lots of people ruin their laptops by using them in enclosed areas and thus cause the laptop to overheat.
  22. 22
    Use an old toothbrush to clean the area around the exhaust fan screen. If that gets plugged up, air flow is diminished and overheating can occur.
  23. 23
    Try to keep the laptop on a flat, clean surface. This prevents damage to the laptop. This can be hard to do, particularly if you are outside with your laptop, but if there is a flat surface available then put your laptop on it..
  24. 24
    Don't use your laptop on the bed. Repeated use of a laptop on the bed will cause the fans to suck up the dust and debris in the bed, ultimately blocking the fan.
  25. 25
    Check that your laptop does not have too much software and bloatware running as they consume memory which is required for playing games or doing other high-end tasks.
  26. 26
    Be wary of unwanted installers that come with downloading files online. These installers can cause extra bloat by running perpetually in the background.
  27. 27
    Use a cleaning software to keep unwanted files and programs off of your computer. This will help manage bloat on your computer, leading to a faster experience.
  28. 28
    Do a clean install of your operating system every 2 to 3 years. Clean installs will remove any unused programs and residual files from uninstalled programs.
  29. 29
    Use Windows ReadyBoost to utilize flash drives and other removable devices as virtual RAM. Using ReadyBoost will speed up your computer even as more programs accumulate.
  30. 30
    Do not try to run large or unsupported multimedia files over your computer. If your computer does not meet the specifications as it usually damages the computer in the long run.
  31. 31
    Take your laptop into a computer store to get a full maintenance check. This can find problems inside your computer that can only be fixed by an experienced individual.

Minggu, 06 Agustus 2017

How to Extend Laptop Battery Life

You can make your laptop run longer on its battery by turning off or reduce all the things that expend power in your computer. If you are going on a long trip, or just taking your laptop to a local coffee shop, use these tips to help your laptop battery power last longer.

 Part 1 

Reduce the number of open tasksImage titled Extend Laptop Battery Life Step 1

  1. 1
    Learn to single-task. PC memory that is in-use takes more power to hold data. Also, using more memory might mean using more swap or virtual memory space on your laptop hard drive. All of this puts an additional drain on your laptop battery. Instead of leaving multiple applications and windows open, use only what you need at any given time. If your laptop has plenty of memory, then keep multiple applications open to avoid loading repeatedly from the hard drive. Close all the applications that run in the background on your computer like your PDA syncing software or USB hard drive backup software.
  2. 2
    Run simple applications that don't use much RAM, disk drive, or processing power. Use a basic text editor rather than the processor and RAM heavy Microsoft Word. Heavy applications like games or movie watching are especially hard on the battery.

Part 2
Power management

  1. 1
    Use the power management settings on your computer that come built in. On Windows XP, click "Power Options" in your control panel. On a Mac, look for "Energy Saver" in System Preferences.
  2. 2
    Switch off the wireless card if you do not plan to access your network or Internet connection. For Mac laptops, there is a button for powering on and off your wireless device is found on the toolbar at top.
  3. 3
    Disable Bluetooth. If you don't use this feature, you can safely disable it to avoid draining your laptop battery.
  4. 4
    Shut down or hibernate the laptop rather than using standby, if you plan on not using it for a while. Standby continues to drain energy to keep your laptop ready to go when you open the cover.
  5. 5
    Turn off unused ports. Disabling unused ports and components, such as VGA, Ethernet, PCMCIA, USB, and yes, your wireless, too. You can do this through the Device Manager or by configuring a separate hardware profile (see next step).
  6. 6
    Create Power-Saving Hardware Profiles. Configure your laptop for the various scenarios in which you use it (on a plane, at the coffee shop, at the office, and so on). You can do this through the Hardware Profiles menu by right-clicking on My Computer and selecting Preferences or by using a freeware utility such as SparkleXP.
  7. 7
    Defrag your hard drive. The more fragmented your hard drive is the more your hard disk needs to work.[1] You do not need to do this on a Mac, as they do this automatically by themselves when needed. Also, do not do this if your computer uses a solid-state drive, as this will actually make it slower!

Part 3
Display

  1. 1
    Reduce the LCD's brightness level. If you use your laptop in a well lit area or outdoors on a sunny day, try setting it at two or three bars.
  2. 2
    Turn down the screen resolution. The method for doing this will depend on your laptop make.
    • Right click on the desktop in Windows 7. Select the Screen Resolution. Turn down the resolution.
  3. 3
    If your laptop has an OLED based display, avoid displaying white images. OLED screens consume a lot less power displaying blank.

Part 4
Sound

  1. 1
    Turn the volume level down, or mute it, if you do not plan to use it.

Part 5
The environment

  1. 1
    Avoid extreme temperatures. Batteries rely on basic chemistry and will die faster at extreme temperatures. Try to charge and use the battery at room temperatures.[2]
  2. 2
    Use a cooling pad when using a notebook computer on your lap. But if it's a USB pad then don't use it as it will most likely use up more battery rather than to conserve it.
  3. 3
    Avoid propping your laptop on a pillow, blanket, or other soft surface that can heat up.

Part 6
Peripherals

  1. 1
    Unplug external devices such as a USB mouse or an external drive.[3]
  2. 2
    Avoid using a CD or DVD. If you store a copy of data you need on an optical disc, copy it to your laptop hard drive or a thumb drive before traveling. Optical drives consume large amounts of power to spin up CDs and DVDs. Try to avoid applications that keep your hard drive or optical drive spinning. Need to play music? Try to use your handheld MP3 player, rather than playing songs on your computer. Playing songs on your computer will keep the hard drive working which uses energy. Turn off the auto save feature on MS Word or Excel. Constant saving will keep your hard drive turning and using energy.
  3. 3
    Eject external devices such as pen drives, DVDs, hard disks, etc., if not in use.

Part 7
Cleaning

  1. 1
    Clean the battery contacts. Clean the battery's metal contacts with rubbing alcohol on a damp cloth. Clean contacts increase the energy efficiency. [4]

Part 8
The battery itself

  1. 1
    Keep the battery fresh. Batteries leak power if they aren't used fairly soon after charging. If you use your "full" battery 2 weeks after you last charged it, you may discover it is empty.
  2. 2
    Do not charge all of the way. Instead of charging the battery to 100% each time, fix the maximum charge limit to 80-85%. This will help in the long run by reducing the battery degradation with time. Sony VAIO has inbuilt option to set this.